Americas

Since 2009, the SRSG mandate has promoted a strategic collaboration with key actors in the Americas such the Organization of American States (OAS), MERCOSUR, SICA and CARICOM, the Latin American and Caribbean Movement for Children (MMI LAC), academia, civil society actors and children and young people to accelerate progress on the implementation of the UN Study recommendations in the region.

As a result, the protection of children from violence is placed at the center of the agenda of the Organization of American States, which is clearly illustrated by the adoption of the OAS General Assembly Resolution “Violence and exploitation of children” AG/DEC.76 (XLIV-0/14) and the unified Resolution adopted by the XXI Pan American Congresses held in Brasilia from 10 to 12 December, 2014. Collaboration with the OAS has been pursued with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, with the Inter-American Children’s Institute and within the framework of the Pan American Congresses on Children and Adolescents.

The unified Resolution adopted by the XXI Pan-American Congress set the child rights agenda for the next five years. It reaffirmed the OAS Declaration on Violence and Exploitation of Children, adopted during its 44th ordinary session held in Paraguay, which calls for the Post 2015 development agenda to address the issue of violence and exploitation perpetrated against children. The unified Resolution also placed a special emphasis on children’s protection from violence in the juvenile justice system, the prevention and elimination of child sexual abuse and exploitation, and the crucial importance of investing in early childhood and preventing children’s placement in alternative care.

The prevention of and elimination of all forms of violence against children remains a top priority on the agenda of the Latin American and Caribbean Movement for Children. In collaboration with the MMI LAC and with MERCOSUR, SICA and CARICOM, the SRSG organized between 2011 and 2012, three regional consultations in South America, Central America and the Caribbean; three regional analytical studies were also developed to provide an overview of regional and national initiatives of follow up to the UN Study on Violence against Children and child friendly materials issued with the leading participation of children and young people.

These important achievements open crucial opportunities for the consolidation of collective and participatory processes at the regional and national levels in the Americas to support steady and sustainable progress for the effective implementation of State’s legal obligation to safeguard children from all forms of violence.   

Governance Structures

Organization of American States

   Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

   Inter-American Children’s Institute

CARICOM

MERCOSUR

   MERCOSUR Institute for Public Policies and Human Rights 

SICA

Political Declarations

Acta XXVIII Reunion de Altas Autoridades en Derechos Humanos del Mercosur - 25-26 de Mayo 2016 - Spanish

Statement of the second meeting of ministers of Education of the Community of States of Latin American and Caribbean -(CELAC) - (April 2016) English Spanish

Final Resolution XXI Pan American Congress on Children and Adolescents -  (Dec. 2014) English Spanish

Declaration on violence against and exploitation of children (May 2014)- Organization of American States

Declaración emitida por La Vigésima Tercera Reunión del Consejo para el Desarrollo Humano y Social (COHSOD XXIII) sobre el abuso sexual de los niños en la región del Caribe

Declaración de Kingston - Reunión de seguimiento de las recomendaciones del Estudio de la ONU sobre la Violencia contra los Niños para los Países del Caribe

Declaración de Santo Domingo - Encuentro de Seguimiento al Estudio de Naciones Unidas sobre Violencia contra los niños

Declaración de Buenos Aires

La Declaración de Bridgetown y el Programa de Acción para Combatir el Abuso Sexual Infantil en el Caribe

Adopted subregional roadmaps to end violence against children

Roadmap to protect children against all forms of violence in the Caribbean

Hoja de Ruta Centroamericana sobre Violencia contra los niños (Central American Roadmap on Violence against Children)

Hoja de Ruta para contribuir a la realización del derecho de los niños, las niñas y adolescentes a la protección contra todo tipo de violencia en Sudamérica (South American Roadmap on Violence against Children)

Inter-American Human Rights system   

1. Human Rights Standards

American Convention on Human Rights

Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ( Protocol of Salvador)

Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to Abolish the death penalty

Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture

Inter-American Convention on Enforced Disappearance of Persons

Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence Against Women

Inter-American Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities

Inter-American Convention on International Traffic in Minors

2. Human Rights Bodies

Inter-American Court of Human Rights

 Latest decision concerning children's rights -Advisory Opinion 21/14 Rights and guarentees of children in the context of migration and / or in need of international protection      

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

        IACHR Thematic reports

Towards the effective fulfillment of children´s rights: National Protection Systems 2017

Violence, children and organized crime 2015

The Right of Boys and Girls to a family 2013

Juvenile justice and human rights in the Americas 2011

Report on corporal punishment and human rights of children and adolescents 2009

Strategic Developments

South American regional meeting for the follow-up to the UN Study on Violence against children, Asunción, Paraguay, April 28 – 29, 2011

Central American regional meeting for the follow-up to the UN Study on Violence against Children, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, December 1-2, 2011

Caribbean Sub-regional meeting for the follow-up to the UN Study on Violence against Children, Kingston, Jamaica, May 14 – 15, 2012

 
Analytical studies

Study on the Follow-up to the implementation of the UN Study o Violence against Children for the Caribbean

Mapeo Región América del Sur Implementación de las Recomendaciones del Estudio Mundial sobre la Violenciacontra los Niños y Niñas

Mapeo Estado de situación de los países de Centroamérica, México, Cuba, y República Dominicana en relación con la violencia contralos niños, niñas y adolescentes en seguimiento al Estudio de Naciones Unidas sobre la Violencia contra los Niños

Cross-regional roundtables

Joint Statement round table of regional organisations and institutions on the protection of children from all forms of violence (2017)

Joint Statement round table of regional organisations and institutions on the protection of children from all forms of violence (2016)

Joint Statement round table of regional organisations and institutions on the protection of children from all forms of violence (2015)

Joint Statement round table of regional organisations and institutions on the protection of children from all forms of violence (2014)

Joint Statement round table of regional organisations and institutions on the protection of children from all forms of violence (2013)

Joint Statement round table of regional organisations and institutions on the protection of children from all forms of violence (2012)

Joint Statement round table of regional organisations and institutions on the protection of children from all forms of violence (2011)